The Rational Choice Theory Of Criminal Behavior Essay

739 Words Jul 11th, 2016 3 Pages
Many researchers have developed theories to seek out and explain why individuals continue to commit crime, where as, others completely desist from crime altogether. One of the most prominent and relevant theories to explain criminal behavior is known as the rational choice theory, which was first introduce by Cesare Beccaria in the late eighteenth century. Gabor et al., (1987) claimed that rational choice theory is, “…Found on the assumption that offenders are more or less rational in their decision making and seek to benefit themselves by their criminal activity (As cited in Morrison and O’Donnell, 1996). This theory asserts that these individuals are goal oriented and self interested, therefore, if the benefits of the crime outweigh the costs of the crime, the crime will occur, however, if the costs of the crime are made to be high, rational offenders would then reframe from committing the act. Therefore, given the implications of rational choice theory, robbers can often be typified as rational actor, however, how true are these assertions? Some researchers, such as Harding and Blake (1989) interviewed a number of violent offenders, whom they believed were careful decisions makers, which included a number of armed robbers (As cited in Morrison and O’Donnell, 1987) . According to Morrison and O’Donnell, the previous research conducted by Harding and Blake concluded that, “…Robbers who had used firearms put some effort into planning their crime and were likely to have…

Related Documents