Stroke Risk Factors

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The REGARDS Study is a national study that focuses on learning more about the factors that increase a person’s risk of having a stroke. It is an observational study of stroke risk factors in adults 45 years and older. There are 30,239 participants that were recruited between 2003 and 2007. The researchers used traditional risk factors to assess the level of risk among black and white participants. Risk factors include: age, race, gender, geographic region, hypertension, diabetes, low HDL cholesterol, smoking, elevated systolic blood pressure, and warfarin use. The participants in the REGARDS Study completed a telephone interview followed by an in-home physical exam. At six month intervals, participants are contacted by phone to ask about stroke …show more content…
High blood pressure is the single most significant risk factor for heart disease. Individuals should know their blood pressure, track their progress, and learn healthy habits for eating well and staying active. On a primordial level a law should be passed that would encourage doctors to check patients blood pressure on every visit. The second health factor is exercise. People who exercise are simply healthier than who do not. Individuals should keep moving and should choose activities that they enjoy. On a primordial level programs should be made that encourage people to exercise. The third health factor is managing cholesterol. People with high LDL and low HDL cholesterol are at an increase risk for developing atherosclerosis, which increases their risk of developing CVD and stroke. Individuals should make healthy food choices and should exercise regularly. On a primordial level programs should be made to educate the public about the risk of high cholesterol and encourage people to eat more fruits and vegetables. The fourth factor is a healthy diet. Heart-healthy nutrition keeps the heart and body strong and improves overall health. Individuals should eat more fruits and vegetables, whole grain carbohydrates, low-fat dairy products, and fish with omega-3 fatty acids. Individuals should stay away from foods and beverages with added sugar and products high in sodium. On a primordial level cities …show more content…
A stroke can be classified into two main categories: ischemic and hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke occurs when the blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain becomes blocked or clogged, which causes the brain cells and tissues to die due to lack of oxygen (infarct). A thrombotic stroke is a type of ischemic stroke that is caused by a thrombus that develops in the arteries supplying blood to the brain. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel that supplies the brain ruptures and bleeds. When an artery bleeds into the brain, brain cells and tissues do not receive oxygen. In addition, pressure builds up which causes swelling and irritation to occur. An intracerebral hemorrhage is a type of hemorrhagic stroke, in which bleeding occurs from blood vessels within the brain. An intracerebral hemorrhage is usually caused by hypertension. 87% of strokes are ischemic while only 13% of strokes are

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