The Quiet Eye Is A Gaze Behavior First Reported By Joan Vickers

1335 Words Dec 7th, 2016 6 Pages
Quiet eye is a gaze behavior first reported by Joan Vickers of Calgary University in 1996. The Quiet eye has been defined as the duration of the final fixation towards the relevant target prior to the execution of the critical phase of movement and has been accepted as a measure of optimal visual attentional control. The quiet eye has an onset that occurs before the final movement in the motor task and an onset that occurs when the fixation deviates off the target by more than 3 degrees for more than visual angle of more than 100ms (Vickers, 1996, p. 348). Vickers has found that longer quiet eye durations characterize greater expertise and accuracy. This phenomenon was first investigated in a basketball free-throw task in which professional female basketball players were found to present longer QE durations (QED) on target areas (mainly on the front edge of the basketball hoop) in successful free-throw trials when compared with missed shots (Vickers, 1996 p. 352).

The Quiet eye can be trained to improve one’s performance and can turn a novice into an expert. Research has shown that both elite and novice performers can be trained to develop longer and more effective quiet eye durations (QED), leading to improved performance compared to control groups without any quiet eye training. QE training involves guiding decisions about where and when to fixate areas of interest within the visuomotor work-space while performing a skill (Harle and Vickers, 2001, p. 290). Harle and…

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