The Purpose Of Dorthea Orem's Nursing Theory

1124 Words 5 Pages
The purpose of Dorthea Orem’s Nursing theory is to promote and support the individual to reach the highest level of functioning in their activities of daily living. Orem’s theory uses a multidisciplinary approach to identify areas of self-care deficits due to a health-related condition. Nurses design a system that will guide, teach, support and assist the patient in achieving the highest level of functioning (Blais & Hayes,2016). Some of the major concepts of the theory include There are four key components to the theory; these include self-care which are the individual’s activities of daily living in which they perform independently to promote health and well-being (Blais & Hayes, 2016). The second component is the self-care agency. Self-care …show more content…
A deficit in any of the components leads to the need for nursing intervention. The interrelated components include; Self-Care (activities of daily living the individual performs independently), Self-Care agency (the individual’s ability to perform self-care), Self-care demand (the sum of self-care actions to be performed for a period to meet the self-care requisites), and Nursing Agency (nurses trained to act and assist others in achieving self-care demands). There are sub-categories to further define the components such as Self-Care deficits that are categorized as Wholly Compensatory, Partially Compensatory or Supportive Educative System. The concepts and theory are based on the four metaparadigms of nursing. The theory encompasses a wide range of experiences and events that can be implemented by both the novice and expert practitioner, the terms regarding self-care and self-care deficits are easy to comprehend and defines when the deficits require nursing intervention and care (Gonzalo, …show more content…
The nurse can implement Orem’s theory with the nursing process and utilize the five methods of help. This process enables the nurse to identify areas the patient needs further systems or support modalities to achieve optimal independence. Promoting independent functioning helps give the patient more control over their health and teaches the patient with chronic illness, self-care and to efficiently carry out and follow treatment regimens (CurrentNursing.com, 2012). One of the primary weaknesses of Orem’s Self-Care Theory is that it focuses on physical needs and the capacity for the individual to be independent with their cares. The theory neglects to focus on emotional aspects of the individual. Orem’s theory does not explore how emotional discord can affect the individual’s health and well-being or ability to perform self-care. Some individuals suffering from depression may be physically able to perform self-care as an independent self- care agent, however, due to mental depression they may not have the will or drive to perform functions of daily living. I personally like Dorthea Orem’s Self-Care Theory. I agree that by empowering patients to be independent with self-care, promotes optimal functioning and positive improvements in the individual’s overall well-being. Also, providing support and knowledge about the individual’s health conditions and promoting freedom in all aspects of their care, patients

Related Documents