Essay on The Punishment Of The Death Penalty

1319 Words Jun 8th, 2015 null Page
The death penalty is the punishment of execution administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime. On November 6, 2012, Californians voted to retain the death penalty in the state. The proposition narrowly lost by a vote of 52.8% to 47.2% (The Guardian). Californians should reconsider the vote to repeal the death penalty because it is unnecessary and costly. Legal executions in California were first authorized by the Criminal Practices Act of 1851 (CDCR). The first form of execution was hanging, but was replaced by lethal gas in 1937. Lethal gas was used for another thirty years before running into a moratorium due to State and United States Supreme Court decisions. In 1972, William Henry Furman was tried for murder and pleaded guilty. He was eligible and given the death penalty. However, on June 29, 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled a vote of 5-4 in Furman v. Georgia that the manner in which death penalty was given had inconsistency and violated the Eight and Fourteenth Amendments because it incorporated cruel and unusual punishment. Therefore, execution was never carried out. Inmates were taking of death row and resentenced. This particular case produced an effective moratorium on capital punishment throughout the United States. However, on November 7, 1972 California Proposition 17 was passed. It allowed the death penalty to be reintroduced in California. Although the death penalty was revived, no executions were implemented until 1992. Then in…

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