The Public Health Nurse ( Phn ) Essay

1649 Words Sep 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
One of the roles nurses may take on as they advance their education is that of the public health nurse (PHN) whom works at the county or state level striving towards infection management and prevention. The American Public Health Association, Public Health Nursing Section (APHA/PHNS) defines public health nursing as “the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences” (2013). This role widens the scope of nursing to incorporate more “advocacy, policy development, and planning, which addresses issues of social justice” (APHA/PHNS, 2013). In a study of Irish PHN, it was found that their common roles included building relationships with individuals and communities; representing and advocating for underserved or at-risk communities; identifying and managing cases by linking individuals with the health care they require and making the right referrals; and assessing the needs of the community as a whole (McDonald et al., 2015). This means that the PHN has the opportunity to reach wider populations to work not only at primary prevention, but also provide holistic secondary and tertiary prevention as well.
Background and Preparation
Preparation for the public health nursing role requires obtaining at least a baccalaureate degree in nursing. Opportunities for growth exist within the role; nurses whom obtain a master’s degree or higher may better be able to serve the public in leadership roles,…

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