Essay about The Psychosocial Theory Of Human Development

806 Words Nov 26th, 2015 4 Pages
Erik Erikson, the developer of the psychosocial theory approach to human development, believed that people follow a sequence of stages of development from birth to death. “These development stages include tasks that result from biological forces and age related social or cultural expectations (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010, p.99)”. Within his psychological theory, Erikson identified eight psychosocial stages of human development which are equipped with “appropriate physical, emotional, and cognitive tasks that the individuals must master in the struggle to the demands of the social environment (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010, p.99-100)”. The eight stages include infancy (trust vs mistrust); early childhood (autonomy vs. shame, doubt); play age (initiative vs guilt); school age (industry vs inferiority); adolescence (identity vs role confusion); young adulthood (intimacy vs isolation); maturity (generativity vs self-absorption); and old age (integrity vs despair).
Each psychosocial state or psychosocial crisis has an approximate age in which an individual is “pushed by both biological maturation and social demands into the next stage” (Sigelman and Shaffer, 1995). For example, the adolescent stage, ages 12 to 18, is the 5th stage of psychosocial development according to Erikson. Specifically as it relates to youth who are currently in foster care, “adolescents comprise the majority (Hornby & Collins, 1981, p. 15)”. During this stage of development the psychosocial conflict is identity…

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