The Psychosocial Formation, Transformation, And Transformational Development

1252 Words Apr 2nd, 2016 6 Pages
The topic for this paper is the psychosocial formation, transformation, and transformational development of the doctor of philosophy student into a nurse leader in higher education. The developmental process of the doctoral student is examined using a framework based on Benner, Sutphen, Leonard, and Day’s Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation (2010), Erikson’s (1950) theory of psychosocial development, Benner’s (1984) Novice to Expert, and Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, and Tarule’s (1986) Women’s Ways of Knowing (Appendix A). Benner et al. (2010) borrow the term formation to describe the traditional formation of the nursing student and transformational to describe the educational changes needed from Foster, Dahill, Golemon, and Tolentino’s (2005) study of clergy education The term transformational is added by the authors to describe the future development of the doctor of philosophy student into a nurse leader in higher education. Although Erikson’s (1950) lifespan model of development includes eight stages, he recognizes the role of continued growth and development. The authors relate Erikson’s first three stages to the formation of the nursing student, the next three stages to the transformation of the nurse into a nurse educator, and the last two to transformational process into a nurse leader in higher education. Because the developmental process of the doctoral student is iterative rather than linear, learners may regress with each new stage. For…

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