The Psychological Development Of Eating Disorders Essay

1710 Words Dec 7th, 2016 7 Pages
Culture is a key influence on the psychological development of eating disorders in America. Lake, Staiger, and Glowinski (2000) explain that the United States has been continuously negatively critiqued regarding its strong focus on a skinny ideal and the cultural habit of looking down and criticizing obese individuals. This, in turn, causes many women to feel unhappy with their body image and creates concerns regarding one’s weight. Women may then feel negatively towards eating, feel pressure to obsess about dieting, and may even develop an eating disorder. According to Lake et al. (2000), The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) emphasizes that a disturbance in one’s perception of body shape is a crucial component of eating disorders. The beauty ideal of thinness for females, media influences, and dieting/weight loss societal pressures contribute to the psychological development of eating disorders in America. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) has an entire section titled “Feeding and Eating Disorders” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The DSM-5 classifies both feeding and eating disorders as resulting in “…the altered consumption or absorption of food that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning” (p. 328). For the purpose of this paper, the main focus will be directed towards avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder and anorexia nervosa. For a…

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