Essay on The Psychodynamic Approach And Humanistic Perspective

1513 Words Nov 17th, 2014 7 Pages
Key Perspectives in Psychology
Psychology is a broad subject formed of many different areas which are called key perspectives. The Psychodynamic Approach and Humanistic perspective are two examples of this. The Psychodynamic approach is involved with the subconscious and the effects this has on behaviour. One of the most influential psychodynamic psychologists, Sigmund Freud, mainly theorizes that behaviour as adults is based on childhood experiences and the unconscious mind. Humanistic psychology observes the psychology of the individual, not only through the observer, but through the individual themselves. Humanist psychologists, such as Abraham Maslow, provide some of the most enduring theories in humanistic psychology. These perspectives both have their strengths and weaknesses (Gross, 2010).

In psychology, a psychodynamic theory is a view that explains personality in terms of the conscious and unconscious and how these unconscious forces drive personality and behaviour. In the early 20th century, Sigmund Freud proposed a psychodynamic theory according to which personality consists of the id (instinctive desires from birth), the superego (holds all of our moral standards that we learn from parents and society), and the ego (which mediates between the id and the superego according to the demands of reality) (Cherry, 2014). Psychodynamic theories commonly hold that childhood experiences shape personality. Such theories are associated with psychoanalysis, a type of…

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