The Pros And Cons Of The Enlightenment

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At the same time of the Renaissance challenging tradition ways of thought, the Reformation was also taking place. This movement, a religious statement against the Catholic Church that challenged its corruption, was bringing in followers and making them question the church’s ideas of God and Salvation. It reached a large scale, adding political pressure from countries like Germany who pushed against the Church from different sides. (6) These combined with the curiosity of the Renaissance and new ideas of scholars brought scientists, philosophers and mathematicians whose new discoveries, based on the science of reason that went against the old ways, to gain widespread attention, both positive and negative. By the end of the seventeenth …show more content…
Because of that, many ideas were seen as breakthroughs of thought or causes of conflicts without solutions. One of the more important parts of the Enlightenment was Copernicus’s and Galileo’s support of the heliocentric theory (3), which stated that the earth was not the center of the universe and spun around the sun. This went against the church’s idea and was in fact supported by facts and observations made by Galileo through his telescope.(4) They were seen as one of the first proponents of the science of reason and led the way for more challenging ideas on the universe to be seen. Another scientist who followed such logic was Isaac Newton, discoverer of gravity and the laws of motion. He stated that, 'every particle in the universe is attracted to every other particle…masses and inversely related to the squares of the distance between them. '(7) In 1687 Newton presented the elements of his New World view in a book called Principia. It is described as the greatest single monuments of human …show more content…
Before the Enlightenment the church was already going through problems with the Reformation taking place and many Christians questioning the word of the Pope and suspecting the church for corruption. With the Enlightenment many more, greater problems started to arise in the form of scientists whose theories of the world went against their teachings. Men like Copernicus and Galileo who argued that the world was not the center of the universe, a fact the church vehemently denied, were found to be true. This left the church losing its standing and authority. (4) Along with the church’s downgrading in power the Enlightenment brought along more conflict as well. As one of the main causes of the French Revolution of the 1700’s, the Enlightenments attention to logic and reason brought along men who saw the idea of a ruling monarchy and the overpriced taxes in which the bourgeoisie paid unreasonable taxes as a problem that needed to be fixed. One of these men was Abbes Sieyès, a French philosopher who was aware that they were paying taxes to support a fabulously expensive aristocracy which contributed nothing of value to society. He also knew that the aristocrats were unwilling to share power with those who actually managed and created the national

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