Quantitative Methods Paper

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Quantitative Methods

The quantitative research question to be examined is looking at an individual’s personal experience with changes in occupations. Quantitative methods that could be utilized to answer this question are non-experimental designs / ex post facto, experimental and developmental research

Non-experimental / ex post facto methods are used when the independent variable cannot be controlled or manipulated (Smith & Davis 2015). An appropriate method of data collection for this research would be the interest checklist and the sickness impact profile - 68. As these are both external to the research being completed, they have been evaluated for validity, reliability through extensive testing and previous studies (Fife-schaw, 2010).
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It follows a very specific set of procedures for the collection and analyze of data. (Frank & Polkinghorne, 2010). It aims to develop theories based on reality that are confirmed through the collection and analyse of the data. (Smith & Davis 2015). Stanley and Cheek (2014) suggest that as a profession occupational therapy would benefit from the use of grounded theory to develop theories grounded in practice, as theories that are currently being use come from other professions. While this research question is suited to a grounded theory approach of both data collection and analysis. It has been recognized that it is of benefit that the researcher has limited knowledge of the topic so that creativity in finding new theories is not limited (Smith & Davis, 2015). Further to this Henwood and Pidgeon (2015) advised that a new researcher using ground theory might struggle to provide the analysis the data needs. With the researchers having personal knowledge of this topic and being a new researcher it would be more appropriate to follow the IPA method of …show more content…
It is important that the researcher addresses their position in their researcher such as the reflective note included by Arroll and Howard (2012) identifying their personal experiences with CFS. While a number of positives are associated with insider research the negatives needs to be realized and addressed. Greene (2014) discussed a number of negatives to being an insider researcher such as being too subjective, bias, being a threat to objectivity, confidentiality and compromising validity. All these aspects need to be addressed for example on being too subjective the researcher needs to keep themselves at a distance to ensure they are not making assumptions on their own knowledge and experience. Furthermore compromising validity the researcher needs to understand themselves first recognising how they are similar or different to the participants. The researcher needs to understand how being both the researcher and the researched impacts them. To ensure being an insider research does not impact on the study methods to ensure rigour need to be strongly up

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