Prenatal Development Case Study

Nature of the Problem

Does what happens to the mother prior to birth impact the development of the child after birth? There is a correlation between the negative stresses on the mother and the child 's developmental problems.

Reviewer Comment

Prenatal development is crucial to a healthy birth for both the mother and the child. Three trimesters define major portions and milestones of prenatal development. The milestones of prenatal development begin with the germinal phase. Then followed by the embryonic phase, ending with the fetus stage. Global, cognitive, behavioral, socio-emotional, and psychomotor are five aspects of infant development which can be potentially impacted by external forces. A greater understanding of prenatal
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Starting with protection from harm, informed consent/assent, privacy, knowledge of results, and beneficial treatments. Beginning with protection from harm, children have the right to protection from any potential harm, both physical and psychological, that the research could cause. If harm is a potential outcome, the researchers have to either adjust their process to eliminate the chance of harm or abandon the research entirely. Neither the child nor the mother is purposely subjected to anything harmful. All potentially harmful factors were preexisting at the time of the research. Second, informed consent/assent is a right of children to have the research thoroughly explained to them in an appropriate manner. Since minors cannot legally give consent, researchers are typically required to get the child 's written assent, or agreement, prior to participation in the research. All participants have the right to withdraw involvement in the research at any time. Since no experiments were performed on the participants. The researchers informed participants that the observation and data recording were occurring. The women were informed. Due to the age of the children, they were not given an explanation of the research. However, their mothers consented to participate in the research on their behalf. The participants have a right to privacy, meaning their identity is not used in any information …show more content…
In a correlational study, the research is conducted without changing the participant 's conditions. In the study, no changes are made to the participants or their environments. Strengths of correlational studies include the ability to study relationships between variables. This strength is seen in the abundance of factors being compared in this study. A limitation of a correlational design is that this procedure does not allow conclusions about cause-and-effect association. It cannot be conclusively stated that the cause of the outcomes observed occurred directly because of the factor(s) involved in the study. In a sequential study, the researcher directs many similar cross-sectional or longitudinal studies, otherwise known as sequences.) These different studies can follow two potential paths. The first path is that the study follows participants of the same age, but at different points in time. In the second path, the study follows participants of different ages during the same time. A strength of a sequential design is it allows comparison between longitudinal and cross-sectional studies. Another strength is the ability to find cohort effects. Sequential studies are also beneficial in the monitoring of age-related changes more efficiently than a longitudinal design. Limitations of the sequential design are that the study can potentially have the same problems as longitudinal and cross-sectional

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