Pennington Psychopathology

Improved Essays
Each day, a frighteningly large number of people with mental illness run through the criminal justice system across the nation. Most prisoners have some sort of mental illness and many defendants are never properly diagnosed. Before arriving in the criminal justice system, these individuals have frequently fallen through the “safety net” of families, hospitals and community-based treatment providers. Once they reach the courts, defendants with mental illness pose major contests for judges. Given these truths —judges find that in many cases the safest choice is to sentence mentally ill offenders to jail. However, Pennington’s perspective on the development of psychopathology contests a different outcome. He believes if a criminal is diagnosed …show more content…
Pennington discusses criminal justice cases involving the mentally ill being reduced by attacking the core issue early on. He justifies this by stating “Brains grow into mental illness.” This quotes shows that psychopathology isn’t inborn. It is growing developmentally. Research shows most criminals who are diagnosed with mental illness attain it through extreme childhood environments. Pennington states “Environment causes cognitive shifts.” Research has found most criminals with mental illnesses did not receive love and affection when they were young; two of the key elements in shaping your cognitive perception. As a child they lacked attention from the nearby adults. As a result, when they grew up they find committing crimes eases their pain and fills the missing holes. One way Pennington suggests attacking this problem is to “Create controlled environments specifically for children.” Such as surrounding children with caring and warm people and providing, as Pennington states “a normalized environment.” This can really help combat criminals in the future committing crimes due to mental illnesses by ensuring their brain develops in a healthy state. Pennington also states “All psychopathology is developmental and brains are dependent on their environment” This explains if the environment you’re living in is not …show more content…
Judges typically lack both the tools necessary to perform significant assessments and the connections with mental health service providers essential to know what kinds of treatment options are available. There is a consensus that criminal defendants with mental illness pose a major problem for the courts. I believe every person should be in a healthy state before submitting to their respective consequence. Therefore, I absolutely and undoubtedly agree with Pennington that a criminal with a mental illness should not be guilty and does not deserve to be put in an isolated prison/jail. Instead, they should have the opportunity to be able to receive the help they need and potentially recover back to a healthy

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    The criminal justice history has shown that rehabilitation of juveniles works best for most juvenile because they do not think and act as adults. The majority of them can be rehabilitated and returned to the community. If they are housed with adults they learn how to become a more violent criminal and/or they become prey to the adults they are housed with suffering from rape, violent physical attacks and committing suicide. Therefore they should be given a chance for rehabilitation before they are considered transferable to adult prisons and courts. History of the court and prison system has shown that when juveniles are tried and housed with adults…

    • 1265 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Locking In Jails

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The best solution to contain criminals with mental health diseases is to keep them in jail where help is available. Criminals with a history of mental health problems should be kept in jail for the safety of the community. In an article written by Sarah Glazer, she denotes that “some experts say psychiatric treatment alone won 't prevent criminal behavior,” (241) meaning that other means of helping felons with mental illness are necessary. If a mentally ill person with previous criminal history is permanently locked away, then no…

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Mental Illness In Prisons

    • 1577 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The study demonstrated the specific issue experienced by persons with severe mental illnesses, moreover, individuals who may fall into a self-perpetuating cycle of conflict to management substance abuse, violent behavior, and re offending. History Treatments in the 1800 's were not taken very seriously. Before hospitals were available, a person with mental illness was usually isolated from their families and had to stay home at all times. Those who had a family member with a metal illness denied their existence because the mentally ill were housed with criminals and were often physically abused. Mid 1800 's Mid 1800s was when the first few hospitals were built and were intended to house thousands of people.…

    • 1577 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Correctional officers are held legally responsible to analyze their prisoner’s mental health needs; which includes the delivery of medications, treatment, and other forms of therapy (Osher et al.). By refusing to comply with the law and neglecting to arrange mental health services to the mentally challenged during custody, the United States government has failed to protect and defend many of its citizens. Criminals with mental disorders may be as guilty as the convicted felon who committed first- degree murder, but they should be treated differently in the criminal justice system. For, they have the mental capacity of an ignorant child and their disorder should be accounted for when imprisoned. “Many individuals with behavioral health disorder under correctional control have diverse and complicated needs, but with appropriate supervision and services, they are capable of recovery and ending their criminal justice involvement” (Osher at al.).…

    • 2016 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Teenagers are extremely susceptible, the people and environment they are around greatly influence their decisions. Many people make the argument that because research has proven that the brain is not fully developed until age 25 that is why juveniles should be given a second chance. In the article “On Punishment and Teen Killers” by Jennifer Jenkins, she states, “Both sides in the debate about JLWOP agree teens are being tried as adults and sentenced to prison for murder at alarming rates in the United States. But this actually disproved juvenile advocates’ reliance on the “underdeveloped brain” arguement. If brain development were the reason, then teens would kill at roughly the same rate all over the world.…

    • 1211 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    So sense the argument finds that life imprisonment seem to be a sensible punishment. While the death penalty is far too harsh because of its finality. This means that capital punishment is not morally…

    • 1380 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Amnesia In Crime

    • 821 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Criminals are exploiting the inadequate constraints of dissociative and organic amnesia in an effort to malinger amnesia in criminal trials. Although there are a number of perceived reasons why a person may become amnesic, either dissociative or organic, more research is necessary to focus the defining characteristics and limit the accessibility of amnesic defense to future offenders. Dissociative Amnesia. “ ...he is likely to appear quite normal. The only suggestion that these…

    • 821 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Insanity Defense

    • 1935 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Although the Insanity defense is questioned and has negative views, it is a very helpful defense for those who are sane, but commited a crime.The insanity defense helps preserve life and gives second chances. Citizens need to understand that there are many laws in place to help this denfense only to be used when necessary. The insanity defense is a plea that helps figure out the real criminal versus humans who need help and rehabilitation. Delusion is irrelevant and so is any form of intoxication and most citizens do not realize that. Statistics have proven the use and effectiveness of this…

    • 1935 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    This has not stopped scientists from trying to figure out some way to cure the incurable. What is so difficult about treatment is that a large amount of psychopaths started their rough paths as children. Psychologists and therapists cannot change what someone had gone through earlier in their life, and neither can the victim. The behavioral and affective symptoms evident in psychopathic adults are also found in youth. Brian Dugan showed psychopathic traits at a very young age with his behavior always acting out.…

    • 2212 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A nervous breakdown can result in violent outrages resulting in harm done to other prisoners, guards or even harm to themselves. Multiple studies have shown that inmates who are seriously mentally ill commit nearly half of all inmate suicides. This is an increasing statistic throughout correctional facilities across America. Police officers and prison guards are not receiving training in regards to interacting and managing individuals with mental disorders. Also due to the privacy restrictions, most officers do not know the health histories of prisoners.…

    • 1514 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays