The Pros And Cons Of Lifeboat

Decent Essays
Lifeboat
A small cruise ship of the coast of south America has sunk leaving the remaining survivors in a small lifeboat. The lifeboat was manufactured to carry a capacity of ten people but there are a total of twenty people on board. The captain of the ship, whom is among the survivors on the lifeboat, notices that a storm is approaching fast and that it threatens to kill everyone on board if adjustments were not made. In order to maximize their chance of survival at least ten people have to be thrown overboard and the remaining people must have the ability to to row the boat to safety during and after the storm. In order for their chances of survival to maximize the captain faces an ethical dilemma of whether or not he should throw the weakest
…show more content…
It also goes on to further explain that whenever we fail to improve our well-being then we are behaving immorally. As humans we view our well being to be the most important thing in our lives. However, there are many negative aspects to only caring about our own well being. Ethical egoism has no concern for others, it can hurt others and it mostly focuses on short term results rather then long term. Unlike other ethical systems, egoism also has no set definition of what morality is. Morality in egoism is anything that improves your own well being. If the captain of the ship were to make his decision from an ethical egoists’ point of view he would realize that not only would throwing the weak passenger overboard maximize their chances of survival, but it would also improve his own well being as well. Therefore, the only decision through an egoists’ point of view would be to throw the passengers overboard since it maximizes his well-being.
From examining both consequentialism and ethical egoism it can be concluded that consequentialism would address the dilemma in the most favorable way. Consequentialism would take in account the lives of all the other nineteen passengers rather then just the captains life, which is the only thing that matters through an egoist point of view. Consequentialism would also allow the captain to decide what he considers to be morally right or wrong and whether or not his decision would bring him and others the best overall

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Mill also believes that there is no such thing as true happiness because happiness cannot be achieved without a little pain. However, one of the most important parts of his book is when he advocates for expediency. This part of…

    • 1325 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    To have total disregard for passions such as anger, sorrow, and fear because they are not virtue, is contrary to Aristotle and his teachings. With regards to passions specifically anger, Aristotle states that, “For the good tempered-man tends to be unperturbed and not led by passion, but to be angry in the manner, at things, and for the length of time, that reason dictates.”Aristotle is confirming that anger is good and should be gone about in the correct way to become a good-tempered man. Not having passions would lead to a life of emptiness there would be no spark of life in a human. To have complete disregard for anger would lead people to become a doormat. Aristotle would also disagree with the Stoic’s teaching that a virtuous man is entirely free from fear.…

    • 715 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Act utilitarianism is critiqued by many more than rule utilitarianism because people who believe in act utilitarianism due not conform to a society’s rules and they proceed with their actions with disregard with breaking any laws. I think that if more people believed in rule utilitarian it would not be as an extreme theory because people would have a general value of justice to look at while making their decisions to maximize happiness. Rule utilitarianism restricts certain actions that would end of up being morally immoral and therefore would help out the critiques of…

    • 1281 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There is a limited capacity on the lifeboat and it can only fit sixty people. There is fifty people aboard which are the richest in the world. There is one hundred poor people trying to swim and make their way onto the boat. If the rich grant all of the poor to get onto the ship, then the boat will sink. However, who decides which passengers should be on the boat?…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Everyone is selfish in some way. Selfish people are more concerned with themselves than others. Most people view it as a negative thing, which it can be, but everyone has to at least care about themselves and the basics. If no one cared about themselves it would be impossible to be selfless or selfish. Humans need the positive and the negative to have any balance.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The greater moral evil rule is the name Arthur gave to Singer’s main principle; people are morally obliged to prevent suffering, if the price is a suffering of less value. According to Arthur, focusing on the greater moral evil rule implies that we are not viewed as equals. From an objective point of view, no one has a unique status nor a greater level of suffering, suffering is still suffering. Prioritizing the suffering of someone else implies that we are not equal because you are treating them as inferiors. Furthermore, by not getting to buy the extra things you do not need, you would be giving up part of your happiness, according to…

    • 2138 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ethical egoism varies from other ethical positions since it proposes that the enthusiasm of others anything to never be an element in good choice making. An ethical egoist accepts that helping others is not an ethical activity and that they anything to help other people just seeing that it would offer an advantage over the long haul. If it does not better me I “morally” do not have to do it. So, if killing, torturing, or robbing someone will help me better myself then morally right. The book claims that ethical egoism cannot be true because it requires killing rape, or theft just because actions of this promote self- interest.…

    • 1259 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Anna Sommer Case Study

    • 1518 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The “greatest good” principle, in this situation, therefore contradicts Utilitarianism’s central premise of happiness. Utilitarianism values happiness as the only thing with intrinsic value (Collier & Haliburton, 2015, p. 9) yet it conflicts with the other central premise it holds of the “greatest good.” Therefore, Dr. Brown is morally unjustified in his decision due to contradicting principles applied in this situation. Utilitarianism requires decision-makers to approach ethical dilemmas solely based on consequences yet there is no way of knowing indefinitely whether or not the actions produced now will lead to positive outcomes. If the child is not receiving any type of treatment, simply based on its current prognosis, there is no way to know for certain if this decision is the most morally justified decision to make. Utilitarianism only considers consequences based on what you do in that moment and in Anna’s case, withdrawing treatment will lead to the death of the child, resulting in a negative outcome anyways.…

    • 1518 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Most people drowned or froze to death in the icy waters of the Atlantic Ocean (sinking 3). When the ship was sinking the temperature of the ocean water was around 28 degrees Fahrenheit (Anniversary 2). Around 2:20 a.m in the morning the Titanic finally sank beneath the waves (sinking 2). One can conclude from this that many people did not have enough time to save themselves. Once in the water, Titanic passengers had only about 15-45 minutes to live.…

    • 1923 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Arguments have arisen that although his perseverance and willpower embody that of a hero, his lack of courage simply does not. In Chapter 5, Chase had the opportunity to lance the whale that attacked the ship and therefore could have prevented the tragedy. Yet he hesitated because “if provoked, the whale might smash the delicate steering device with its tail” (82). This hesitation is seen as a sign of cowardice. However, Chase did not fear this animal, he was afraid of the damage it could do to the Essex.…

    • 1004 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics