Kidney Research Paper

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The Kidney is are two bean-shaped organs which filter about 120-150 quarts of blood daily to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine, composed of waste materials and toxic fluids. There are two main types of methods to treat kidney disfunction namely Kidney transplantation and Kidney dialysis. This essay will discuss the positive and negative impacts of these two solutions on a patient with kidney failure.

Kidney transplant is the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person into the body of a person with relatively poor kidney function, intended to filter out toxic waste products in the blood to effectively make up the composition of urine. The function of the kidney is so efficient only one is required for survival. The procedure for kidney
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It is expensive due to its long term treatment. There are two types of kidney dialysis treatments: hemodialysis and peritoneal-dialysis. In general, it is the best solution to begin with for mild symptoms and as a stand by solution till a donor is accessible for a kidney transplant. Fortunately, it can be done at home with the help of a house doctor so patients will not be required to constantly go to the hospital. However, low blood pressure during hemodialysis is the most frequent difficulty experienced during this procedure and it can be accompanied by shortness of breath, lightheadedness, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting. According to NHS this complication is due to the drop in fluid levels during dialysis. Due to this complication, most people with cardiovascular disease are not treated by hemodialysis but rather peritoneal dialysis. Although this might be a problem, treatments and preventive measures are available .According to Doctor John Hundley a transplant surgeon at Piedmont Transplant Institute, the patient will have to do this procedure 2 to 3 times a week for 4 hours and the patient will have to limit their salt and protein intake. It is a long term treatment so this can have a negative social and mental impact on the patient’s lifestyle. This was approved by three academics from the University of Medical Sciences in Tabriz namely Sima- Moghadasian, Mohammad Hassan Sahebi and Leila Aghaallah

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