The Pros And Cons Of Human Cloning

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Human cloning has become a more widely debated topic in the scientific field, medical field, and society. It started out as cloning animals, and now it is coming to the point where cloning may be used on humans in the near future. This raises concern for many people around the world who are totally against it. It also brings hope for those in the medical field who are searching for ways to treat and cure certain diseases in their patients. The major thing preventing the cloning of humans is the ethics behind it. Some say it is inhumane to be able to perform such a tedious process. Others say it could somehow benefit society if human cloning was made possible. There are both advantages and disadvantages to the situation that will be discussed …show more content…
Some fear that the clone will retain the age of the donor’s genes. This concern is due to the fact that as cells go through cell division, their telomeres shrink. The clone containing the adult cell will start out with shorter chromosomes than normal which may cause a shorter life span (“Cloning.” 2017). This could be an issue when transferring an adult gene into a young organism. The cloned individual may be more susceptible to abnormalities and experience poor health (Dovey, 2015). Also, if human clones were to make an appearance in today’s society, many problems would arise. Riots and protests will most likely happen along with other horrible things due to the disagreeance among people. Cloning another genetically identical human beings that already exists or used to exist may cause conflicts among religious and societal values (“Cloning,” 2017). Along with all of these scientific and moral dilemmas, the process of cloning is highly expensive. A South Korea based company, SooAm Biotech, clones pets for $100,000. Another company, Viagen Pets, clones dogs for $50,000 and cats for $25,000 (Bradford, 2017). Just imagine how costly it would be to clone humans. The high cost combined with the high failure rate poses to be a major issue.
The Advancement of Technology Used for Human
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The techniques of both are similar, but their purposes are different. It is amazing that scientists have obtained the technology and knowledge required to accomplish cloning. Embryonic stem cells have the potential of being a major discovery for the medicine field. The most common method used for cloning is somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT) which involves transferring the nucleus of a cell into an egg that had its nucleus removed. It was used on the first ever cloned mammal, Dolly the sheep in 1996. Since then numerous species have been cloned including dogs, pigs, rabbits, mice and rats with the same technique. However, using SCNT on primates resulted in failure. They were thought to be resistant to it and so would humans (Reuters, 2018). This is because spindle proteins essential for cell division are positioned very close to the chromosomes in primate eggs. So removing the nucleus of a primate egg also removes the spindle fibers which causes disruption in cell division. Another reason is that some of the dyes and ultraviolet light used to remove the cell can cause damage to it and prevent it from growing (“Cloning,” 2017). That was until Chinese scientists successfully cloned the first two female macaques, Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua, on January 24, 2018. They were the first primates cloned using non-embryonic cells. The cloning of a species so closely related to humans could

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