The Pros And Cons Of Fracking In The United States

1687 Words 7 Pages
The Environmental Protection Agency defines frackings as “A well stimulation process used to maximize the extraction of underground resources; including oil, natural gas, geothermal energy, and even water”(Environmental Protection Agency). This process, employed to release natural gas involves drilling deep into the ground and shooting a high pressure water solution into rock formations in order to release the gas inside. Although the history of fracking can be traced back to the 1940’s, it wasn’t until 2003 that was incorporated commercially on a massive scale not only in the United States, but also across the world. This turning point in scale caused immediate backlash from environmentalists across the country. The controversy being: while …show more content…
With shale gas making up 1% of America’s gas supplies in 2000, and 25% in 2011 (Livescience), it is undeniably true that fracking has helped fill our tanks and curtail our reliance on imported oil and fossil fuels. However, the advantages of fracking such as lower taxes, improved air quality, job creation, and 238 billion cubic feet of extractable natural gas, come with great cost. The U.S. Department of Energy states “in 2000 there were only about 276,000 gas wells in the U.S., but by 2010 this number has doubled to over 510,000 (DOE). Every single one of these wells poses huge risks to the environment. The chemicals injected along with water into shale deposits can be extremely harmful if they contaminate drinking water, and gas companies have no responsibility to disclose the chemicals they use to the public. Escaped methane gas can lead to destructive explosions, radioactive salt is unnaturally deposited across the earth, and huge amounts of carbon dioxide are released into the environment …show more content…
For example, at Chevron headquarters, Greenpeace along with other campaigners from some of the hundreds of groups against fracking across the U.S, gathered with signs reading “Fracking is Environmental Rape” during a meeting regarding the expansion of drilling sites. One of the more major nonprofits against fracking is Americans Against Fracking. Thier goal is to ban fracking across all of America by supporting federal, state, and local bans to eliminate fracking and enact moratoriums. This movement to protect Americans from fracking has won many largely significant battles, such as halting plans to frack near the Delaware River, and passing over 250 municipal measures (Americans Against Fracking). On the other hand, citizen groups such as Natural Gas Now have taken up the pro fracking banner intend to “promote responsible natural gas development as a vehicle to achieve American independence, [and] promote rural and economic development”(Natural Gas

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