DNA profiling, also known as genetic fingerprinting is a method used to identify and evaluate genetic information/DNA in an individual. It is common knowledge that each individual (excluding identical twins) has a unique DNA sequence which makes DNA profiling the most appropriate method of determining paternal relationships and solving crimes. DNA samples can be analysed to produce a DNA profile which can be used as evidence in criminal investigations when matched to samples of material taken from crime scenes (Science Museum: What is the DNA database, 2015). A collection of DNA profiles are put into DNA databases which can be used for future references. The issue of privacy in DNA profiling has also raised questions in society. …show more content…
Some of these limitations include easy accessibility of data, minor errors in DNA profiling, forced/consensual collection and the unethical use of data by independent laboratories.
Even though the easy availably of DNA profiles saves time when dealing with criminal cases by automatically eliminating those who’s DNA do not match, some believe that its effortless availably can lead to unethical use by authorities. This is because DNA profiles contain extremely sensitive personal information. (Murnaghan, 2012) As an example, such access to an individual’s personal information could lead to the potential for discrimination and prejudice.
The topic of forced vs. consensual collection of DNA is a very controversial topic. Many people view this as an invasion of privacy, however sometimes it might be necessary. The official rule however is that only on some instances, police are able to forcefully take a sample, but on most occasions consent is necessary. However, forceful or consensual, the collection of a DNA sample was only permitted on reasonable ground that the individual in question had been involved in a serious offence. (Michael