The Problem Of The Gender Pay Gap Essay

2027 Words Apr 20th, 2016 9 Pages
In 2014, white American women, on average, made 79 cents to every white man’s dollar, a wage gap of 21% (AAUW 2014). This pay gap increases when including other possible intersections, especially age and race. While the pay gap has narrowed since the 1960s, America ranks lowly compared to other developed nations, having the 74th highest pay gap out of 165 countries (Kottasova 2015). Despite this, the narrowing of the pay gap has stalled, even though there has been a greater push for equality in modern American society and a widespread feminist protest against the current pay system (AAUW 2014). The pay system remains due to the conservation of traditional society, an effort to maintain social order, and how we learn and respond to gender in our individual interactions. In this paper, I will apply the Durkheimian and the Microinteractionist theories to analyze the problem of the gender pay gap. Using these two sociological theories, I will illustrate the social functionality of the gender pay gap in American society. In 1963, John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act (EPA) into law, which led to a decrease in the wage gap of about twenty cents in the last fifty years (NWLC 2015). In an effort to completely remove the pay gap, the Paycheck Fairness Act was proposed in 2014, which aims to strengthen the laws set by the EPA, by preventing loopholes and employer retaliation (NWLC 2015) Durkheimian theorists believe that a society is made up of individuals and that the…

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