Case Study Of Social Mobility

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According to a popular Youtube video titled “Is American Dreaming? understand social mobility.” (2014), which shocks most audiences who believe in the American dreams that people have equality, the bottom 20% of people only possess 5% of social wealth while the top 20% control more than half. Moreover, for those who were born from lowest one fifth of family, only 10% of them can make it to the top, and if they don’t have high school diploma, the probability will drop sharply to 1%. The tragedy of poor and serious problem of social mobility have attracted lots of scholars’ attention, and their opinions toward them are different base on their various education background and personal experiences. Collectively, this article will introduce and …show more content…
For instance, Yglesias claims that even though the global economic is improving, the distribution of the wealth is greatly unequal which means only a little, very rich people capture most of it (2012). The extreme income inequality further causes unfair access to social goods, education and other opportunities, and it finally leads to seriously social inequities with shrinking social mobility (Yglesias, 2012). Meanwhile, besides unequal educational opportunities, rich people also have inherited advantages beyond money called “family behavior” (The Economist, 2012). Based on the Economist’s explanation, the common marriages between college graduates double the university education benefit and form class stratification in the end (2012). The rich family usually has advanced value and enough capital to support their offspring, and this kind of benefit is inherited from generation to generation. In addition, there are other reasons that make it harder to climb the ladder of success and the value to success is one of them (Locke, 2012). Locke never feels that she deserves the success while the rich class usually accepts it naturally without any doubt, so that this lack of confidence fails to convince her to believe she belongs to high classes (2012). Both the different value and recognition towards success further the distance between achievement and failure, and …show more content…
First of all, American public has to realize how serious the problem is and establish the awareness that domestic society is less equally than before (The Economist, 2012). Meanwhile, since education has great influence on social mobility, the state and local governments should subsidize both schools and poor college students to eliminate social inequality (The Economist, 2012; Yglesias, 2012). The more accessible opportunities to get higher education definitely increase the chance for poor people to move upward. Furthermore, the government can also simply implement higher tax rate on richest class to improve social mobility and fix inequality. This method will not only smooth the disproportionate distribution of social wealth, but also produce more money to advance social facilities and benefit (Yglesias, 2012). In short, the aim of each solution is to guarantee approximately equal opportunities of social benefit, especially education for the whole

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