The Principle Of The Right Actions Essays

1584 Words Oct 14th, 2015 7 Pages
In our current case, a young black man was accused of a crime spree involving 22 cases of armed aggravated robbery and 1 case of murder. He admitted to 10 cases of aggravated robbery, but denied the murder allegation. There was only 1 witness that placed him at the scene of the murder. As there were circumstances that would 've prevented this one witness from clearly identifying our defendant, it could be a case of mistaken identity. Because all of his other crimes were robberies carried out with a 22 caliber handgun, the fact that our murder was initially a robbery that ended in murder with a .22 caliber handgun led police to charge him with capital murder. Classic utilitarianism is widely realized as being a theory that promotes moral actions on the basis of their outcome using the principle of “the right actions are those that directly produce the greatest overall happiness, everyone considered” (page 68). It finds it most famous expression in the work of Jeremy Bentham. Later, John Mills in continuing Bentham 's theory, revised the utilitarian principle to state “the morally right action is the one that produces the most favorable balance of good over evil” (page 69). Bentham equated good with pleasure and evil with pain and felt that the most pleasure should go to the largest amount of people. Mills equated good with happiness and evil with unhappiness and believed that the most happiness should go to the most people. Utilitarianism is consequentialist in…

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