The Potential Of Stem Cells Essay

2057 Words Jun 27th, 2016 9 Pages
Research into and the potential uses of stem cells
The discovery of stem cells was a significant scientific breakthrough. They were first discovered in mice in 1981 and then in humans 17 years later in 1998. Stem cells have the potential to revolutionise modern medicine. They have the potential to offer cures for diseases, treating injuries that can’t be helped currently and dramatically change how drugs are developed. These possibilities have huge impactions to New Zealand as we have thousands of individuals suffering from incurable diseases. There is much debate over the use of stem cells for various reason, thus making it a socio-scientific issue. There are three types of stem cells Embryonic, Adult and Induced Pluripotent. I will be focusing this report on the potential of Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent stem cells.
Background on stem cells:
Stem cells are very basic cells with a large potential. They are undifferentiated cells as because pf this they have no specific function or structure. However, they have the ability to replicate themselves as well as differentiating to form more complex cells eg: muscle cells or neurons.
Embryonic Stem Cells (ES):
These stem cells are the building blocks of life as they form the zygote and the blastocyst in the early stages of development. As these cells are present from the beginning of development they are pluripotent. This means they have an unlimited capacity to replicate themselves as well as forming and of the bodies 200…

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