Cote D Ivoire Child Labour

Superior Essays
Child labour is defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. ( ILO, 2004 ). In Cote d' Ivoire, 246 million children are involved in child labour and 179 million ( one in every eight children worldwide ) are exposed to the worst forms of child labour, which endanger their physical, mental or moral well being. ( International Labour Organization, 2004 ). Child labour in Cote d' Ivoire is considered illegal, however exists as a consequence of lack of education, poverty and lack of community awareness about hazards of working in cocoa plantations. ( Nestle, 2016 )

Child labour is a very crucial problem in Cote d'Ivoire with 35.7% of children
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Currently, because of they are forced to work in cocoa farms, these children have no time and opportunity to attend school, thus lack basic education. As it can be seen from a national program launched in 2006 to curb child labour, after child labour had been stopped, 12,000 children were able to attend school, which shows how child labour has a great effect on their chances of going to school. (IRIN, 2006) In the perspective of these children, it is definitely beneficial for them as having a chance to be educated is advantageous for them in the future. In other countries such as Vietnam, the Vietnam Living Standard Surveys conducted have shown that child labour indeed have negative impacts on one's education. (Griffith, 2015) Just like Cote d'Ivoire, most child labourers live in rural areas where there are less schools thus children give up education for labouring to earn money for their families. Education is crucial for all children as being educated is advantageous for them in the future; even though stopping child labour may cause family income to decrease, education will go a long way in helping families eradicate poverty. Hence, educated children would have higher chances of finding jobs in the future, which would help …show more content…
Child labourers provide vital income to their families, and without their regular salary, the family income would definitely be affected greatly. The elimination of child labour would result in the loss of cost of income, which is also known as the "opportunity cost of eliminating child labour". (ILO, 2004) Such an implication is disadvantageous as families may have to suffer the pain of poverty for a long time without sufficient income. However, fortunately, this is considered a short term implication, as once the child completes his/her education, the child would be able to provide income for the family once again. In addition, the government would take this implication into consideration before eliminating child labour in Cote d'Ivoire. Thus, the government has implemented an income transfer program to compensate these families when their children are in school. Another illustration of such solutions to this short term impact would be the Nestle Cocoa Plan by Nestle, where this program helps to increase the income of farmers as well as enhancing their agricultural techniques, thus needing less child labourers. (Nestle, 2015)Although it is indeed a negative implication in the perspective of the government too, being a hassle to launch such programs, but in the long run, elimination of child labour would definitely bring many more

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