As defined in the HIPAA Privacy Rule, covered entities are health plans, health care clearinghouses, and health care providers who electronically transmit any health information in connection with transactions for which HHS has adopted standards. These transactions commonly concern billing and payment for services or insurance coverage. For example, hospitals, academic medical centers, physicians, and other health care providers who electronically transmit claims transaction information directly or through an intermediary to a health plan are covered entities. Covered entities can be institutions, organizations, or persons. Covered entities include researchers if they are also health care providers. Researchers are covered entities if they are also health care providers who electronically transmit health information in connection with any transaction for which HHS has adopted a standard.
Minimum necessity requires that you only disclose the minimum PHI required when a request is made. This is for the purpose of protecting health information that is not needed or does not need to be disclosed unnecessary. Covered entities are require to evaluate and improve safety measure as needed to ensure limited unnecessary and inappropriate access to and release of protected health information is adhered to.
The minimum necessary standard does not apply to the following:
• Disclosures to or requests by a health care provider for treatment purposes.
• Disclosures to the individual…