The Political, Economic, And Social System In China

1360 Words 6 Pages
China was one of the first civilizations to arise in ancient times. Throughout history, many dynasties came to power and China suffered military defeats, famines, and instability. A socialist system was instilled and the state struggled once again from the effects of the strict control and policies of the government post World War II (“China” CIA). Following this era, leaders strived for a market-oriented economy with increased output. Today, China has achieved a hegemonic status in the world and is the leading country in exports. The political, economic, and social systems in China have improved tremendously and are interwoven with one another, but there are still issues within each system.
China, officially the People’s Republic of China,
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However, there are still Chinese citizens who are living below the ideal standard of living. This can be contributed to the healthcare system, but ultimately the government controls this. Continuing with the healthcare system, there are a lack of resources and also discrimination in the accessibility of these resources. Other political concerns with the system include corruption in the government as well as unclear lines of power, which results in poor enforcement of the law ("China" Encyclopedia). Most of the positions within the political system are appointed by other positions in the system, creating a bias or unfair representation of the Chinese in general. This fuels corruption by not giving the citizens a say in the leaders by decreasing the effectiveness of …show more content…
The people of China and how they live is extremely important to understand, as this was one of the first civilizations. China has the largest population in the world of over 1.3 billion (“China” CIA). The Chinese are extremely diverse, yet somewhat similar. Although it is generally believed that the people of China are ethnically homogeneous, they are most certainly not. Of the population, over ninety percent of the Chinese are categorized in the ethnic group of the Han Chinese (“China” CIA). This group shares the same ideas of language, culture, and traditions, however there are many differences within different subcultures in the Han Chinese. The Zhuang are the second most dominant ethnicity at about one percent, followed by other groups at a lesser amount (“China” CIA). Mandarin Chinese is the main language of China; however, different dialects and variants of the language can be found based on different locations in China. Villages make up the living situations in China and those villages are determined by culture, including language and traditions. Those who are most similar tend to flock together and live in clusters. Another important part of communication and culture is the written language of Chinese, which uses extremely unique characters. In history, China played an important role in the birth of Confucianism and Daoism, but today, over half of the Chinese population is not affiliated

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