Essay on The Philosophy Of Thomas Aquinas

1189 Words Oct 26th, 2016 5 Pages
An Evaluation of the Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas

“Because of the diverse conditions of humans, it happens that some acts are virtuous to some people, as appropriate and suitable to them, while the same acts are immoral for others, as inappropriate to them” [Aquinas Part II Question 94]. The classical philosopher Thomas Aquinas makes this interesting and unconventional statement in the second book of Summa Theologica. By stating that because of the diversity of humans, some acts may be viewed as virtuous and therefor just, or immoral and therefor unjust, Aquinas refutes the idea of a common natural law established by Aristotle in Nicomachean Ethics. Through personal experience and refutation of Aristotle’s ideas with support of various philosophers, I hope to establish a clear argument in favor of Aquinas and argue that Aquinas’s assertion is indeed correct; to some humans, acts may be appropriate and virtuous for some but immoral and inappropriate for others. Aquinas makes it clear that it is not simply acts that are seen as virtuous or immoral, but rather the motivation behind them and the authority by whom they are preformed that determines their virtue.
I would like to clarify several of Aquinas’s words to truly understand what he means by this quote, albeit very direct. The “diverse conditions of humans” he mentions refers to the many different stations people may occupy. A man could be a slave or a saint, a farmer or a merchant, a peasant or a king. These people all…

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