Essay on The Philosophy Of Philosophy And Philosophy

842 Words Oct 6th, 2016 4 Pages
Referring to a reality beyond and greater than human perception, the term metaphysics literally means “after the things of nature.” In philosophy, therefore, metaphysics is a renowned sector that utilizes extensive postulations to define both reality and humanity’s understanding of it. Immanuel Kant, an eighteenth-century German philosopher, devoted his elevated thinking to the concept of morality. In his 1797 work “Metaphysics of Morals,” Kant provides a clarifying basis of the principles of ethics, allowing subsequent philosophers to continue his thoughts. Good will, duty, and the hypothetical and categorical imperative are defined by Kant; he expands on these fundamental concepts and truly provides a groundwork for a branch of ethics philosophy. “Nothing in the world—or out of it!—can possibly be conceived that could be called ‘good’ without qualification except a good will” (Kant 188). Will itself is the faculty that enables rational beings to choose what course of action to follow. “Good will”, according to Kant, is the absolute one thing in the world that is undoubtedly good. Even if one’s “good will” does not culminate in a positive result, the motivating factor, or the maxim, of the deed, which was “good will,” is intrinsically good. Absolutely good will, in addition, but never conflict itself. Self-preservation is the highest purpose of people, and it is achieved more by instinct than by reason. In this explanation of the reason for life, Kant clearly denounces…

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