The Philosophy Of History Is Not Successful Essay

1755 Words Dec 5th, 2016 8 Pages
One of the goals of Wilhelm Dilthey’s Introduction to the Human Sciences is to answer whether the philosophy of history can provide knowledge of socio-historical reality as a whole. The philosophy of history is a theory that attempts to know the interconnectedness of historical reality through a correspondence with the unity of interconnected propositions (Dilthey, pg. 142). Gaining knowledge of the interconnectedness of the whole of history is his distinctive task, and he comes to the conclusion that the philosophy of history is not successful. The failure is due to his idea that philosophy of history is not a true science as it relies too heavily on abstractions and poor methods, and that it does not fulfill the tasks that it sets out to discover.
Dilthey begins his exploration by explaining how all individuals possess various identities, whether it is a family member, friend or citizen in a community, that all belong to a system with the goal of life satisfaction (Dilthey, pg. 136). The way to discover the unity that maintains these identities within us is through self-reflection (Dilthey, pg. 136). Dilthey draws a comparison between this and the life of human society, saying that society too is an integration of systems of interaction; one that has no awareness of the connection between the systems (Dilthey, pg. 136). He believes that all humans are constantly trying to describe and understand societies’ organization, and that all people are adding to the development of…

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