The Philosophy Of Absolutist Epistemology Essay
As well as showing through the principle of the many and the principle of incompleteness that there are valid ways of gaining knowledge apart from the dominant sciences, a key strength to the relativist argument is its ability to consider subjugated knowledges. According to the standard view of knowledge, different ways of knowing are part of a continuous and unitary epistemological tradition. However, instead of being equally considered knowledge is hierarchically structured so that one type of knowledge system becomes dominant leading to what Kuzmic (2014) calls ‘epistemological hegemony’ (p. 79).
For a long time Western sciences were accepted as obvious facts that were grounded in reality creating a form of epistemic privilege that was used to construct knowledge about the ‘Other’. As Harding (2004) and Mignolo (2009) note, non-Western knowledge systems were reduced to prescientific elements of thought so that dogma, magic, and superstition became the “products of the savage mind” (Harding, 2004, p. 10). As well as classifying the ‘Other’ as economically and mentally underdeveloped, the process of inferiorisation and subalternisation reinforced the myth of “Western males capacity to produce knowledge that is Universal beyond time and space” (Grosfoguel, 2012, p. 18).
But, attempts to show that scientific methods guaranteed confirmed knowledge have generally failed. To date, the evidence does not support epistemic privilege where it…