The Philosophical Difference Between Interpretivism And Positivism

1159 Words Apr 20th, 2016 null Page
Interpretivism and Postivism
Phenomenography is part of the philosophical difference between interpretivism and positivism. Positivism proposes that reality is objective and subject to a set of laws that can be revealed through research. For the positivist, ‘the world is made up of observable facts’ (Glesne, 2006, pp. 4-5). Phenomenography challenges this belief in an ultimate truth. Rather, reality is viewed as process of interpretation, and it is through experience and interpretation that an individual derives meaning. Phenomenography supports a research tradition that seeks to minimise the impact and influence that the researcher has over that which is being observed. Rather, the researcher gains their insights through the process of categorisation of the interpretation of a number of people. There is, therefore, no division between subjectivity and objectivity. The validity of the subjectivity of experience and the non-dualistic ontology is challenged by researchers (Ireland, Tambyah, Neofa, & Harding, 2009).
Phenomenography draws its epistemology from the interpretive approach and not from the positivist approach. Under the positivist approach, the object that is being studied is separate from the researcher. By analysing reality, the positivist is able to gain an objective understanding of reality. In contrast, phenomenography elevates the importance of subjectivity, interaction and socialisation: Meaning is created through interaction with the environment.…

Related Documents