The Pathophysiology Of Asthma With Asthma Essay
Steven is a 15-year-old indigenous boy, who has asthma since he was two. He shows up in the hospital and complains about shortness of breath. Steven stays with his mother and 6 siblings in a remote town in rural Australia. Based on Steven’s situation, this essay will discuss about the pathophysiology about asthma, and then evaluate the nurse’s role of providing the nursing care for both Steven and his family.
Harver and Kotses (2010) define asthma as the chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway. Asthma is a respiratory condition, which is mainly caused by the inflammatory response and narrowing of the airway. The common symptoms could be coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath (Khazan, 2013).
In a cellular level, the mast cells are stimulated and releasing the mediators to trigger the inflammatory response, which will increase the white blood cells to the area and constrict the bronchial (Farrell and Dempsey, 2014). Whereas, Erie and Sheppard (2014) indicate that there are two cell types responsible for the major symptomatic pathology in asthma. The epithelial cells initiate airway inflammation in asthma and secrete excess airway mucus. The smooth muscle cells contract excessively to narrow the airway, and the contraction of smooth muscle in the bronchioles determines the airflow (Harver & Kotses, 2010). Harver and Kotses (2010, p19) state that “As the airways become increasingly smaller, the amount of cartilage starts to decrease…