Path-Goal Theory In Supportive Leadership

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Contemplating of the components of what leadership is, society has a variety of definitions on what defines a leader. For one individual, a leader could be a person that has wonderful interpersonal skills, can communicate flawlessly, and can plan activates accordingly. For another person, leadership can entail being an emotional person, being humble and asking for help when needed and can independent while being dependent on others. However, the concept of leadership is much more complex than society realizes. Leadership is much more than just qualities or an individual’s actions, leadership has a conglomerate of dimensions and structure that can be complex. One significant theory of leadership is the path-goal theory. The path goal theory, …show more content…
This type of leader exhibits friendliness and approachableness towards employees, with their main goal to “accomplish the organizational tasks and meet workers’ need.” (Stojkovic et al., 2015, p. 203) Participative leadership focuses on the teamwork between the leaders and employees. The point of participative leadership is to include employees’ into the organizations decision making, making employees aware of their importance in the organization. Achievement-oriented leadership centers on employees producing results. The leader expects the best out of their employees regarding their work and if the employees are motivated enough, sufficient productivity can be obtained; “the leader confidently expects that employees will achieve the stated goals and tasks.”(Stojkovic et al., 2015, p.203). Lastly, directive leadership is when the leader accentuates their expectations for the employees and the tasks that exuberates performance. With the leader instilling their rules and regulations to employees about the organization and task performance, the leader can aid in the employees’ motivation to accomplish the organizations’ …show more content…
(1957) and the expectancy theory of motivation (House, 1971, p. 322). The basic concept of expectancy theories is that the initiative to act upon a certain behavior is the person’s own satisfactions from an outcome and their behavior will result in that certain outcome. Thus, regarding the theory of motivation, an individual chooses their own behavior based on “… (1) the valences he perceives to be associated with the outcomes of the behavior under construction; and (2) his subjective estimate of the probability that his behavior will indeed result in the outcomes.” (House, 1971, p.322) From these theories, House generated several propositions applying the motivation theory to

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