The Ottawa Charter For Health Promotion Essay

1208 Words Mar 27th, 2016 5 Pages
IS THE OTTAWA CHARTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION (1986) STILL RELEVANT IN THE 21ST CENTURY?

INTRODUCTION In 1986 Canada held the first International Conference on Heath Promotion in Ottawa, aiming to attain World Health Organisation (WHO) objective of advocating health for all (WHO 1986). The charter defined Health promotion as “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health” (WHO 1986). The Ottawa Charter advocated for five principles of promoting health namely; building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community action, developing personal skills and reorienting health services (WHO, 1986). The Ottawa Charter has been relevant both in the 20th and 21st century in-terms of promoting public health. This can be seen in Australia for example in the improvement of health services that has led to the increase in life expectancy and the decrease of HIV/AIDs infection and the establishment of healthy public policies i.e. the tobacco taxation policy that has improved people’s health and environment (Lin and Fawkes, 2007). However, some aspects of the charter, such as developing personal skills still needs to be revised. The developing of personal skills principle involves educating individuals, facilitated in homes, schools, work and community settings and aims to prepare and empower these individuals to manage their own health and environments (WHO, 1986). This essay will focus on discussion on…

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