The Origins Of The Malagan Society

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The ancestry of the Malagan society begins with the discovery of the Australopithecus afarensis (A. afarensis) which split off and evolved into a group known as the Homo erectus (H. erectus) species which finally became the Archaic Homo sapiens (H. sapiens). As of today the Malagans are AMH’s or anatomically modern humans.
First species on the evolutionary timeline of the Malagans would be A. afarensis. A. afarensis fossil evidence was found in 2 sites. The first of those sites being Laetoli in northern Tanzania discovered by Mary Leaky and the second would be Hadar in Ethiopia in 1974 discovered by D.C. Johanson and M. Taieb during and international expedition. The Hadar discovery also uncovered “Lucy”, which was a nearly complete skeleton
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H. erectus evolved from A. afarensis and lived from 1.9 million years ago until 300,000 year ago. (Kottak 9.1 Recap 189) A complete fossil of H. erectus found in West Turkana showed that the species had a cranial capacity of 900 cubed centimeters and had a modern body shape and height. (Kottak 182) The H. erectus was essentially modern as it was much larger and had longer legs than earlier hominins. It had a modern skeleton with a body and brain size more relative to H. sapiens rather than Australopithecus. (Kottak 185) These characteristics allowed for long distance migration which meant diverse environments. The species adapted to its diverse surrounding by learning to hunt and gather cooperatively. (Kottak 186) Another adaptation was tool use. H. erectus began using Lower Paleolithic tools known as Acheulean, named after the village of St. Acheul in France where they were found. They would repeatedly flake off pieces of rock in order to make sharp edges which would eventually become a hand axe shaped like a teardrop. These tools would be used for butchering tasks, wood working and even vegetable preparation. The fact that H. erectus were making tools such as these led archaeologists to believe that they had greater cognitive abilities than their ancestors. (Kottak 185) There is evidence provided from a site called Dmanisi that suggests the migration of early Homo species from Africa to Eurasia was rapid by 1.77 million years ago. The first fossil evidence of H. erectus was found in Kenya, Africa by Richard Leaky and was thought to have lived 1.6 million years ago. More fossil evidence of H. erectus was found in South Africa, probably as a result of forced migration due to lack of resources and glacial retreat during the Pleistocene epoch. (Kottak

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