The Origins Of The Civilization Essay

812 Words 4 Pages
The civilization Mesopotamia lies between lies between the two rivers, Tigris and Euphrates, of West Asia. The weather there is sometimes hot and dusty, like a desert, but other times, there would massive floods taking over the area. Organizations such as the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Chaldeans, had ways of living to control the environment they were in. The Sumerians, out of all groups, were the most successful. Of 10,000 to 50,000 inhabitants, they built various city-states. They also showed development and improvement in agriculture, engineering, and technology than the farming villages of the neolithic era. Another achievement of the Sumerians was writing. A lot of clay tablets inscribed in cuneiform, wedge shaped, were found by archaeologists. They showed many things like, business transactions, inventories of supplies, production and taxation figures, wages payments also mathematical functions as multiplication and division. The other groups developed from what the Sumerians had already done.
African Civilization
In the African Civilization section of this chapter, the part I found most interesting was when it talked about the Pharaoh. A pharaoh is like a god or a king, a ruler in ancient Egypt. June to October is the annual flood stage of the Egyptian civilization. The pharaoh job is to hire a large amount of skilled labor force to build monuments or flood control installations. He would hire masons and stonecutters, sculptors, carpenters, and painters.…

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