The Origins Of Bolsa Familia Essay

1418 Words Oct 7th, 2015 6 Pages
To understand the origins of Bolsa Familia, one must situate it in the history which development has taken place. Brazil is a former colony that gained independence from the Portuguese in 1822 after three hundred years of colonial rule. Compared to parts of Asia and Africa, Brazil was decolonised very early, reflecting a wider trend of early decolonization in Latin America. Yet, despite their newfound sovereignty, the political leadership in Brazil remained highly disorganised and Brazil did not establish a coherent state until 1930, over a hundred years after their independence (Haggard and Kaufman: 2008). Brazil has a long history of developmentalism. Critical realignments in Brazil’s social welfare was characterised by challenges to the agro-export oligarchies, and early welfare emerged from the reformist challenges to the agricultural export economies which dominated state development since the early 19th century. These critical realignments in politics often extended participation to the middle class, they remained closed to the majority of the population, and the countryside remained dominated by landowners and conservative political elites (Haggard and Kaufman: 2008). Peasant mobilization faced significant restraints in political participation [partly] due to their isolation, and the urban labour movements were often reacted to with ‘a mix of repression and ad-hoc concessions’ (Haggard and Kaufman, 2008, 46-7). Thus, despite critical realignments, the state was…

Related Documents