The Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God And Guanilo 's Response Against Anselm 's Reasoning

1033 Words Jan 21st, 2016 null Page
The ontological argument, first proposed by Anselm of Canterbury, is an argument that uses premises and reason to prove that God exists. In this paper, I will explain Anselm’s arguments for the existence of God and Guanilo’s response against Anselm’s reasoning. I will then evaluate the arguments given by both Anselm and Gaunilo. In his work, Proslogion, Anselm uses reductio ad absurdum to argue that God exists. Reductio ad absurdum is a form of argument where a premise is disproven by following its implications, leading to a contradiction or a ridiculous conclusion and showing that the premise is false. We can see that Anselm starts using this strategy in the fifth paragraph.
Anselm’s first premise is that God exists in our minds. The Fool claims that there is no god. But if we were to talk about ‘something-in-which-nothing-greater-can-be-thought’ (let’s call this ‘G’), the Fool will understand what we are talking about. Note that this ‘G’ is not the same as something that is the best or something that is supremely great. ‘G’ is just something where nothing better can be thought of. There might be something better that exist somewhere else. So, if we talk about ‘G’ with the Fool, and if he can imagine ‘G’ and can understand what ‘G’ is, then ‘G’ has to exist in his mind. Because if ‘G’ did not exist in the Fool’s mind, then he would be completely confused as to what ‘G’ is.
Now that we established that ‘G’ exists in the mind, let’s call that ‘g’. So ‘g’ is ‘G’ existing in…

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