The Older Americans Act

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The Older Americans Act (OAA) was enacted by congress in 1965 and was signed into law by former President Lynden Johnson. OAA generated the groundwork to coordinate and provide community-based services and supports for older adults and their families. Its mission is extensive: “to help older people maintain maximum independence in their homes and communities and to promote a continuum of care for the vulnerable elderly” (nhpf, 2012).
Aging is an uncontrollable process in life. It is defined as the process of getting old and the population that is affected is those who are 65 and older. The increasing number of older adults in the United States deals with economic, social, political and psychological stresses. Even though, some people never reach the age of 65, 75 or above, others have illnesses if they do. However, more and more people are living healthy lives well into their 90s and older. There are several changes that take place in the human body as it ages: vision and hearing declines, the skin and blood vessels become less flexible, the muscle strength lessens
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Other programs created by the policy are: services to prevent abuse, neglect and exploitation; self-help/support groups; support services for family caregivers (including individual counseling and respite care); legal assistance; state health insurance counseling and assistance; congregate and home-delivered nutrition; transportation; housing; community service employment; case management; adult day care; senior centers; energy assistance; and physical fitness/exercise (APA, 2006). According to the Administration of Aging (AoA) (2016), the Older Americans Act authorizes a wide array of service programs through a national network of "56 State agencies on aging, 629 area agencies on aging, nearly 20,000 service providers, 244 Tribal organizations, and 2 Native Hawaiian organizations representing 400

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