The Normative Model Of Social Influences On Eating Behavior Essay

1874 Words 8 Pages
There are many factors that affect eating behavior in humans ranging from environmental to mood to social influences. The extent of these factors nor the magnitude of their effect on eating behavior is not completely understood. Significant amounts of research has been done in this area of study, culminating in various different models proposed by researcher that seek to explain just one these factors. This paper seeks to describe and evaluate how well one of these models, the normative model proposed in Herman, Roth, & Polivy (2003), explains social influences on eating behavior and apply the model to determine its effectiveness in predicting and explaining the findings of other research pertaining to social factors and eating behavior.
The normative model of social influences on eating, as described by Herman, Roth, & Polivy (2003), attempts to parsimoniously assemble and describe the wide array of influences that social situations can have on eating. The authors categorize this variety of influences into three general sub-models. The first of these sub-models, known as social facilitation, is the most general of the three models and it proposes that people eat more in the presence of others than they do when they eat alone. Specifically, it asserts that food intake increases as a function of the size of the group with which the individual eats increases. This effect seems to be largely a result of the increased duration in meal time of large groups, as individuals eating…

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