The Nile River And Indues River Valley Essay

1582 Words Sep 27th, 2014 7 Pages
The Nile River and Indues River Valley produced many independent cities that had features of civilization. Many cities emerge farmers begun cultivating fertile lands among rivers valleys and producing surplus. Farming was favored in these valleys. Flood waters produced silt across the valleys, renewing the soil and keeping it fertile. The river valleys also provided a regular water supply for the cities and their responsibilities. The rivers also had some challenges, farmers had to control the amount of flooding into the river. To avoid the problem of flooding, early farmers worked together to build dikes, dig canals, and carve out irrigation ditches.
The Nile River Valley runs through Egypt. Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus sates
“Egypt is wholly the gift of the Nile.” Without the Nile, Egypt will be swallowed by a desert that surrounded it. The desert protected Egypt from invasion, while limiting where people can settle. Farmers often took advantage of the fertile soil Egypt had to offer to grow wheat and flax, a plant that was known for being used for clothing.
Around 3100 B.C., Menes, the king united the two distinct region of Egypt, Upper Egypt in the south and Lower in the north. He used the Nile as a highway linking the north and the south. The Nile contributed to make Egypt the world’s first unified state.
The river was also a trade route, Merchants traveled up and down the Nile river in a sail boat and barges, to exchange products with Africa, the Middle East, and…

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