Essay on The Nile Basin Initiative ( Nbi )
The Nile River Basin constitutes 11 countries Namely Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. The riparian states tried to create a cooperative approach to address the challenges of joint development between riparian states. Based on cooperative principle water, the riparian held dialogue in 1998 in recognition of the cooperative development for mutual benefit. In 1999, the transitional mechanism launched. Since the establishment of the basin initiatives, riparian states developed different projects in accordance with strategic environmental framework for the management of transboundary waters. The whole process is known as the Nile Basin Initiatives (NBI), which was funded by the World Bank.
The Nile Basin Initiative is a cooperative approach to manage a shared water resource that aimed to ensure sustainable development and the achievement of economic integration. The purpose of principle of cooperation is illustrated in an agreement signed by member states under the article 3(1):
“The principle of cooperation between States of the Nile River Basin on the basis of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, mutual benefit and good faith in order to attain optimal utilization and adequate protection and conservation of the Nile River Basin and to promote joint efforts to achieve social and economic development. ”
Hence, the Nile Basin Initiatives is a…