Essay on The New Era Of The Great Depression And World War II

1865 Words Oct 26th, 2016 8 Pages
The 1950’s marked the beginning of an evolution in Chicago architecture, which would be a dramatic contrast to the two previous decades. These earlier years were characterized by stunted architectural growth and reform, and the lack of advancement was largely due to the shortage of funding associated with the Great Depression and World War II. In the midst of this new era of development, architectural firms Loebl and Schlossman & Bennett were commissioned to reconstruct the Loop Synagogue in 1957 (Figure 1) after the original building was lost to a fire. In order to both reflect industrialism and provide a functional space within the transitioning city, the Loop Synagogue was designed to incorporate modern ideals into the building. Additionally, implementation of the smaller, ornate details of the building were decisions made by the firms in order to provide a “planned experience” for visitors that would maintain traditionally religious aspects. This arrangement would ultimately create a fusion of both city and religious life that would mirror the atmosphere of the time period. However, these traditional features of the synagogue were at times relinquished in order to be optimize the functionality of the space. A few years prior to when the second version of the Loop Synagogue would be commissioned, Richard J. Daley began his 21-year office as Mayor of Chicago. Daley undoubtedly urged corporations and rallied political capitals to be centered in the Loop. As described…

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