The neo-classicism is an architectural moment that was flourished after the American and the French Revolution. In this period explorers study the past and distant civilizations for an understanding of other cultures; to find new ways how to create mechanical devices to facilitated transportations and commerce. Historian got a closer look to the dates in which important architectural events happened and also became aware of the accomplishment of the various western civilizations. Foremost among these were ancient Greece and Rome, architect will travel to this ruins to study and measure; and after published their findings. It was the century of change, colonial expansion, age of enlightenment, and technological revolution.
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The plan has two suites of apartments around an octagonal drum saloon and a pavilion for entertaining to his estate. Burlington also designs Holkham Hall in the country side of England in 1734 along with William Kent. Holkham design was based on Palladio’s never built Villa Moncenigo but in a bigger scale, with a central planning two floors high containing on the piano nobile level a series of symmetrically balanced state rooms situated around two courtyards. The courtyards were for lighting not for architectural recreation, the main central block is flanked by four smaller rectangular blocks and at each corners are linked to the main house by a short two storey wing with only one bay.
The leading exponent of Neo-classicism in Italy and an unabashed promoter of ancient Roman architecture was Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-78). He was not known for his architecture, but for his 3000 or so engravings of architectural subjects, like the map of ancient Rome including actual buildings and imaginary projects composed of complex geometric shapes. He also issued a series of engravings called “views of Rome”; this view of ancient ruins rising mysteriously and provocatively. Perhaps even more provocative and melancholic were Piranesi’s Prisons empty vast spaces with unidentified toilers whose labors are illuminated by obscure light sources.