The Negative Impacts Of A Sustainable Urban Development

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Nowadays, the number of population living in urban areas has reached 50 percent of the total world population and will reach 84 percent by the year 2050 (Dixon 2011). The rapid growth of population will have both positive and negative impacts in terms of economic and environment to the cities. In terms of economics, the large number of the population becomes a driving force to boost urban economy due to the abundance of labor and the increasing of consumption. On the other hand, the huge number of the population will have significant impacts on the environment such as ecosystem deterioration, water scarcity, unhygienic sanitation and other resource depletion (Dixon 2011). Focus on the water issue, increasing in the number of population has …show more content…
(2014) besides the high population growth in urban areas, climate change also has significant impact on the availability of water. The rise of temperature makes some of the water catchment area in the urban region becomes hotter and dry faster. Moreover, climate change also has effects to the decrease in rainfall rate that worsen the availability of water in urban areas. Water availability and access to water are some of the crucial components to realize a sustainable urban development (Russo et al. 2014). In accordance with the principle of sustainability which is meeting the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future fulfillment, water management should be a major concern to supports sustainable urban development. This article will discuss how water managed properly to achieve sustainable development goals by reducing water use as well as increasing water recycle …show more content…
Even though there are enormous positive Impacts of urban development, the development often affects adversely to the water cycle. Today almost all of the cities covered by concrete, and it reduce rain water infiltration into the soil and lead to water runoff. Runoff can create erosion and even can bring chemicals and other components on the ground surface to the waterway where water ends up. In addition, Anderson (2003) stated that household, business and industry sector also plays a role in damaging the balance of the water cycle. The more dense the population of the city, the more discharged wastewater and the worse water quality of the river or

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