The Negative Effects Of Hydraulic Fracking

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In this essay, I will be highlighting the negative effects of hydraulic fracking in its role of causing potential damage to the environment and contamination of groundwater. Hydraulic fracking is defined as the injection of liquid fluid at high pressure that extracts oil or gas. In Cart’s article, she denotes how this issue is very problematic because both oppositions have different opinions. For instance, the companies she interviewed disregard the potential damages from fracking and state that it is safe and “there is little evidence that water supplies have been contaminated.” However, the people of California disagree with this and have taken action into their own hands.
What is Hydraulic Fracking? Hydraulic fracking is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture rock formations to release natural gas and oil. Hydraulic fracturing conducts fractures in the rock formation known as shale (a fine grained sedimentary rick), which stimulates the flow of the natural resources such as oil or natural gas. Fractures are created by injecting large quantities of mixed fluids at high pressures down a pipeline in order to target a certain rock formation that may contain oil or natural gases. The mixed liquid that is used for this process is composed of water, proppants
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However, most oil and natural gas reservoirs in California are conventional. With regards to what conventional means in this context, it is define as the reservoirs found in layers of underground rock below a thin layer of permeable rock that is not as solid as other rock layers. In other words, this permeable rock is described as the cap rock because it traps the oil and natural gas in the reservoir, and if it was not for this cap rock, the oil and natural gas “would have seeped to the surface long

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