How Does Sleep Affect A Person's Health?

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In 2015, 56% of Americans did not get the right amount of sleep they needed at night (Better Sleep Foundation). Sleep plays an important part in keeping the human body healthy and happy. Not getting enough sleep affects how the body functions in many ways. Understanding the amount of sleep people need, what regulates the amount of sleep a person gets, and how sleep affects a person 's health, is very important to the human body. Most people do not know the amount of sleep needed at night. Although each person is different, there are recommended amounts of sleep needed for infants, teenagers, adults, and women who are pregnant. Studies show that an infant needs an average of 16 hours per day of sleep (NINDS). During the infant stage, …show more content…
Sleep affects a person’s health by long term health conditions, such as medical conditions, shortened life expectancy, and mood disorders. Sleep has a powerful effect on how the body functions during the day. Have you ever experienced fatigue, headache, a bad mood, or lack of focus? Lack of sleep, builds up over time, and is associated with long term health effects such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and sometime heart disease. Students at Harvard University conducted a study showing that little sleep leads to stress, high blood pressure, and impaired control of blood glucose (Harvard University). Getting sleep at night reduces these impairments. Shortened amounts of sleep builds up over time, causing the body to overrun. When your body does not get enough rest, your life expectancy is more likely to be become shorter than the average …show more content…
Just one night of not enough sleep causes people to be irritable the following day. Imagine a person with not enough sleep for several months. Over time, that sleep debt will need to be paid. Insufficient amounts of sleep can cause long-term mood disorders. Chronic sleep disorders include depression, increased stress levels, mental distress and anxiety. Harvard University conducted a study involving people with less than 5 hours of sleep a night. Studies showed decreasing amounts of sociability and optimism as a functioning as if they went days with little to no sleep (Harvard University). All subjects testing scores improved as they began to catch up on the sleep that was missing. Sleep plays a very important role when dealing with preventing mood

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