The Nature Of Verbal Aspect Essay examples

2252 Words Dec 5th, 2016 10 Pages
The simple present and the present progressive encode semantic meaning through a combination of devices. From general to specific, these semantic devices are: (a) nature of the specific verbal aspect, (b) inherent semantic properties of the verb, (c) aspectual classes of the verb, and (d) core meanings of the verb predicate. Below is the essence of each semantic device, presented in the order just mentioned.

Nature of Verbal Aspect. Exploration of the nature of verbal aspect can be traced back to Aristotle’s differentiation between Energeia and Kinêsis (see Mourelatos, 1993). In the more recent half a century, aspectual considerations have been conceptualized into a continuum that differentiates between states and processes (e.g., Kenny, 1963). In cognitive grammar, the concepts of state and process subsume under the broader concept of situation (e.g., Niemier, 2013; Radden & Dirven, 2007). Situations refer to “events that happen, or states that things are in” (Radden & Dirven, 2007, p. 47). Specifically, the notion of state corresponds to the “states that things are in” portion of the definition, whereas the notion of process corresponds to “events that happen.” States can be subdivided into permanent (i.e., true “states”) and transitory states (i.e., stative progressives—as in She is usually quite understanding, but she is being totally unreasonable today.). Processes can be subdivided into durative (i.e., activities and accomplishments) and punctual (i.e., achievements).…

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