The Nature Of Man By Thomas Hobbes Essay

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In Thomas Hobbes Leviathan he describes the nature of man as one who lives in “continual fear, and danger of violent death: and the life of man solitary poor, nasty, brutish and short”. He describes this state of nature is a state of war. Hobbes states that the basic goal of mankind is to avoid an untimely death. Thus, the state of man is a state of self-gratification, self-service, and self-preservation. He argues that in a state of nature people cannot know what is theirs and what is someone else’s, therefore, property exists solely by the will of the state, thus in a state of nature men are condemned to endless violent conflict. Hobbes believes that man enters society because the fear of death, the desire of such things that are necessary to promote a living, and the hope to obtain those things compels man to leave the desperate state of nature. Assuming that man exists naturally out of society and independent of all control, he enters the state only through the gateway of the social contract. Hobbes proposed to bring men by means of a social contract, the essential condition of which was the absolute surrender of the power and the judgment of all individuals concerned to a sovereign body, individual or collective in its character. Hobbes argues, “had there been no pre-political state of nature, had political life been considered as natural as other parts of human existence, there need have been no contract, no terms of agreement with the government, no right of…

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