Essay on The Natural State Of Nature
People are astounded by the opinion of Thomas Hobbes about the natural state, and his hideous idea has been controversial for hundreds of years. He claimed that if there was not an extreme powerful authority, our lives in the pre-moral world would be ‘solitary, poore, nasty, brutish and short’. This essay shall argue that despite the instinctive aversion we felt upon it, the opinion is still true.
It is not the first time we encounter a theory purporting human’s evil nature. Lu Xun, one of the most eminent Chinese authors and critics once said that he always dared to conjecture Chinese people with the greatest malice. His assumption could be easily generalized into all human beings. Most of the evil nature theories, including Hobbes’ one, are based on the belief that the every action of every body is for the sake of oneself, one only chases after his or her own interests, which is in a word, egoism. Nowadays egoism is commonly admitted and accepted by the public. In fact, Hobbes’ theory is considered as a reflection to the newly-arising bourgeoisie at his time. He demanded the kings or the persons of sovereign authority must guarantee their people safety and a series of rights, such as property possession and some freedom.
The equality of men is an immensely important premise to Hobbes’ theory. In this context, the concept of equality is slightly different…